Monday, February 26, 2007

Protestants and the rosary

I grew up Protestant in the Northeastern U.S., in an area with many Irish and Italian families, so most of my playmates when I was in elementary school were Catholic. This was somewhat (ahem!) before Vatican II, and both Protestant and Catholic kids were taught by their parents (and sometimes even in Sunday School) to regard the other with suspicion, if not downright hostility. My Catholic playmates, for instance, said they were told they would spend eternity in Hell if they (literally!) so much as set foot inside a Protestant church building.

Boy, have things changed. While there are still plenty of Protestants who believe the Roman church is the Scarlet Woman of Babylon, for the most part Catholics and Protestants now acknowledge each other as fellow Christians, are often fairly relaxed about attending each other's worship services, and I suspect that informal, unofficial sharing of Communion is more common than the authorities on both sides would like to think. There are still plenty of incompatibilities (women priests, to name one) but I don't see that degree of almost superstitious mistrust of the "other" any more.

The status of the Virgin Mary is a point of difference between Catholics and Protestants, of course, and that's one of the reasons Protestants tend to be rather wary of the rosary. Unfortunately, I think people brought up Catholic often demonstrate how little they understand about their "separated brethren" when they blithely suggest that Protestants can pray the rosary too.


There are four main points I can think of about the rosary that give many Protestants problems. Briefly they are (from the Protestant point of view):
(1) What about Jesus's prohibition of "vain repetitions" in prayer?
(2) Does the Rosary give Mary too much honor?
(3) Do saints actually hear the prayers of living people?
(4) Is it legitimate to ask saints for favor?

I should make it clear here that when I say "Protestants" in this discussion, I am not including modern Anglicans or Episcopalians. There are certainly Anglicans who do say the rosary, either in the same form common to Roman Catholics or some other form, such as the modern Anglican rosary (which I still want to write about sometime). But what Americans usually call "mainstream" Protestants (Presbyterians, Methodists, etc.), and essentially all of the more evangelical and conservative Protestants, are generally opposed to the rosary as a Roman practice, and that's who I'm referring to here.

As I've said, Catholics do sometimes cheerfully assert that Protestants, too, can "honor" the Virgin Mary and pray the rosary. But I've noticed that somehow, all the Catholic stories that circulate about Protestants praying the rosary tend to end with the story's Protestant becoming a Catholic. If those are the only stories you ever hear, the (inadvertent) message is "If you start praying the rosay, you'll become Catholic" -- as though the rosary were the first step down a slippery slope!

I noticed this on Rosary Workshop's "Why pray the rosary?" page and mentioned it to the website's owner, Margot Carter-Blair -- who shared my amusement, once I'd pointed it out. Margot is now looking for some good stories about Protestants praying the rosary who stay Protestant.

Hmmm. Looks like this is the start of another series of articles....


The first challenge Protestants frequently offer is Matthew chapter 6, verse 7, where Jesus says (in the original King James 1611 spelling): "But when yee pray, use not vaine repetitions, as the heathen doe. For they thinke that they shall be heard for their much speaking."

This verse has had various English translations. Wycliffe's version from around 1400 says: "But in preiyng nyle yee speke myche, as hethene men doon, for thei gessen that thei ben herd in her myche speche." ("But in praying, nil [do not] ye speak much, as heathen men do, for they think that they are heard in their much speech.")

The Bishop's Bible (1568) says, amusingly, "But when ye pray, babble not much, as the heathen do. For they thynke that they shalbe heard, for theyr much bablinges sake."

One modern version puts it: "And in praying do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their many words." In all the versions the next verse says "Therefore be not lyke them, for your father knoweth, what thynges ye haue nede of, before ye aske of hym."

The King James version, however, is so entrenched in the English language that "vain repetitions" is the actual phrase the debate tends to focus on. Protestants generally assert that any repetition of the same prayer over and over must be "vain" by definition, since God really only needs to be asked once, and repeating the same words doesn't add anything.

The usual (rather feeble) Catholic defense is to argue that Christ didn't mean to prohibit all repetition but only vain repetition -- which is a very incomplete answer, since it leaves open the question of how you tell whether it's vain or not.

I think there's a point here, though: saying the same thing over and over doesn't necessarily mean it's less sincere. Parents and children, husbands and wives tell each other "I love you" over and over, and it doesn't seem to mean any less to them for being repeated.

Protestants generally don't see that their own argument isn't completely consistent. There may be no particular virtue in repeating the same prayer over again, but Protestants will cheerfully pray the "Our Father..." weekly and daily throughout their lives anyway. Many Protestants are taught that "true" prayer is spontaneous and from the heart, expressed in one's own words or wordless desires -- but if that were literally followed at all times, we'd all be praying like Quakers, who only pray as they feel "inspired" to do so. But in fact, most Protestant worship services do include standard, pre-written prayers in which everyone is expected to join. I was brought up, for instance, saying one that begins "Almighty and merciful Father, we have erred and strayed from thy ways like lost sheep...." every Sunday without fail.

I think both sides would admit that the idea of saying a prayer 10 or 100 or some other "round number" of times is something humans have dreamed up for our own satisfaction, not something God particularly cares about. (100 is only a round number if you're using a base-10 number system, anyway!) So perhaps the question that needs to be addressed is whether or not it's a good thing to allow our human preferences for certain numbers to affect our prayers this way. I can certainly see that reasonable adults could have different opinions on this.

posts in this series:

Part I: Protestants and the Rosary
Part II: Worship, honor, and the Virgin Mary
Part III: Addressing saints
Part IV: Can Protestants hail Mary?



Blogger LDF said...

Thank you for a very interesting posting! I enjoy discussing this issue as I was raised Protestant (and taught that Catholics worshipped idols and drank Christian blood!). I was introduced to the Rosary as a small child, loved it instantly, and eventually adopted it as my personal (albeit secret) method of meditation and contemplation. Yes, eventually I did convert (and probably still have Protestant relatives rolling over in their graves!), but that choice was not based on the Rosary alone.

5:29 PM  
Blogger Chris said...

Drank blood? Eeeeuuuwww!!! [laughs]

That's an old, old slander but it's mostly famous because it used to be an accusation directed at Jews (in the Bad Old Days).

7:37 PM  
Anonymous Marilyn said...

I haven't dropped by your site for a couple months, so am catching up. This discussion reminds me of a similar one (around the same time) here:

Interesting to see the variety of opinions among Protestants!

10:47 AM  
Anonymous Sinead said...

How about an alternative to thinking repetitive prayer such as the Rosary is "something humans have dreamed up for our own satisfaction, not something God particularly cares about"? Perhaps it is merely a way to keep the human mind focused on God for a period of time, instead of just "thinking". Also, the way our minds and bodies work, having a physical object, such as prayer beads, to assist in the prayer time also helps the mind to focus and acts as a sort of "mantra". After all, we are human beings with our limitations to work with.

11:28 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

doesnt mary has the right to be honoured?

11:14 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

by saying the rosary one is not worshipping her but asking her intercession to pray to god at the hour of our death

11:17 AM  
Blogger Annie said...

I also wrote to Margot Carter-Blair at Rosary Workshop complaining of the same bias! I was raised United Methodist and have been praying the Rosary for about a year now. I don't see a contradiction and I am not the least bit drawn to the Catholic Church or Catholic dogma. In fact, I don't think Mary is so keen on it either... perhaps that's why her apparitions seem to occur outside the Church. Mary was not a Catholic, she was a Jewish mother, the mother of Jesus and she belongs to us all. I don't even see a contradiction in believing she was a Virgin at the birth of Jesus and then went on to have subsequent children. I guess, being raised mainstream Protestant gives me the advantage of not having the baggage of the Catholics and not having the narrow mind of the Fundamentalist Protestants.

10:00 PM  
Blogger Christie Loeffler said...

In reference to the above post, you are right... Mary was a jewish mother, neither protestant or catholic, as was Jesus a jewish messiah, neither protestant or catholic. Christian refers to a follower of Christ, regardless of whether you are a protestant christian or catholic christian. Mary is the mother of ALL Christians whether they realize it or not... just because a person does not believe, does not mean it isn't so in God's plan. As I know I have been taught, the human body has limitations to the deepth of understanding God's plan and covenant with the human race. I believe in the end, Catholics and Protestants both will be surprised at the deepth of our Lords plan. The Rosary is not a means to clarify "Protestant Rosary" or "Catholic Rosary"... how about "God's Rosary".... and however you use the beads to devote more time to our Lord is based on how deep your want your relationship with Him to be. It is neither wrong or right, it is a way to spend more time at the feet of our Father.

9:07 AM  
Blogger Photographer Leia said...

I found this through a Google search and have really enjoyed what you had to say on the matter. I grew up being taught that catholics weren't Christians, but always had a hard time coming to terms with that in my mind (even as a little kid). I started attending a protetant church a few years that used prayer books (a first for me) and felt that there was a lot of merit in such things b/c it kept us from focusing on oruselve sn what we needed, and placed our focus more on God. I think tht having a prayer aid like the rosary is good because it reminds you to not get so wrapped up in everyday life that you forget to pray. I do have problems focusing on Mary and asking for aid from Saints though. On the whole, I think most Protestants and Catholics have a lot that we could learn from each other.

5:08 PM  
Blogger Peggy Bowes said...

Although this was posted some time ago, it's apparently still popular in the archives.

As a Catholic who has studied the Rosary extensively, I'd like to add that the purpose of the repeated prayers of the Rosary is to aid in meditation. Not only are you repeating Jesus' own prayer to the Father, but you're also repeating the words of the Angel Gabriel, a messenger from God asking Mary to be the mother of His Son. During this repetition, the mind is lulled into a state where one can meditate on the mysteries of the Rosary, which are events from the Gospels. This is the true "soul" of the Rosary. Simply repeating the prayers over and over mindlessly really does not harness the true power of the Rosary. It's the meditation that opens the heart, mind and soul to God.

The "vain repetition" is referring to the pagans who babbled their "prayers" pointlessly, hoping that some god would hear them and answer. Certainly not the same thing as the Rosary. Consider that Jesus Himself repeated the same prayer thrice in the Garden of Gethsemane.

Finally, I have to add that my Protestant husband and two of my friends are very interested in the Rosary and often ask me questions about it. It really is common ground for Protestants and Catholics, especially if you study its fascinating history.

4:38 PM  
Blogger Ali said...

I am one of the "mainstream protestants" who began praying the Rosary and eventually converted to Catholicism. Like Peggy mentioned, the rosary is intended to be a meditation on the Gospel. It is often called "the Gospel in miniature" because each decade focuses on a different mystery (or, for lack of a better synonym, "event") in the Gospel. The intention is to draw the prayer closer to Christ.
I recently gave a rosary to a friend who was moving out of the country. She is Lutheran and does not currently pray the rosary, but seemed delighted with the idea of it, especially because no matter the time of day, she will be joining others in prayer. I gave her a Catholic rosary prayer book because it best explained the mysteries of the Rosary, but while doing some research before writing a letter to accompany the gift, I found that there is a Lutheran rosary that replaces the Hail Mary prayers with, "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy upon me, a sinner." It reminds me a bit of the Divine Mercy Chaplet, although with a personal focus, rather than praying for all humanity.

9:56 PM  
Blogger diego4407 said...

We Lutherans as well as Episcopalians use prayer beads (thought the can be called rosaries). The prayer beads that we use are quite ecumenical and can serve not only Protestants but also Roman Catholics.

8:11 AM  

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